Nigeria’s real GDP grew by 3.10% in 2022, says NBS
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Wednesday said Nigeria’s economy grew by 3.10 per cent in 2022 from the 3.40per cent reported in 2021.
The bureau in its Nigerian Gross Domestic Product Report for fourth quarter (Q4) 2022 said GDP grew by 3.52per cent (year-on-year) in real terms, following a growth of 2.25per cent in the third quarter of 2022 and 3.98per cent in the Q4 2021.
The report stated that the performance of the GDP in Q4 2022 was driven mainly by the Services sector, which recorded a growth of 5.69per cent and contributed 56.27 per cent to the aggregate GDP.
Although the agriculture sector grew by 2.05per cent in the reference period, its performance was significantly hampered by severe incidences of flood experienced across the country, accounting for lesser growth relative to the fourth quarter of 2021 which was 3.58per cent.
Moreover, the industry sector was yet challenged recording -0.94 per cent growth and contributing less to the aggregate GDP relative to the Q3 2022 and the fourth quarter of 2021.
“Overall, the annual GDP growth rate in 2022 stood at 3.10per cent, from the 3.40 per cent reported in 2021. Thus, the performance of agriculture and Industry reduced in 2022 relative to 2021, while the performance of the Services sector improved in 2022,” the report said.
The report stated that in the quarter under review, aggregate GDP stood at N56,757,889.95 million in nominal terms.
“This performance is higher when compared to the fourth quarter of 2021 which recorded aggregate GDP of N49,276,018.23 million, indicating a year-on-year nominal growth of 15.18per cent. For better clarity, the Nigerian economy has been classified broadly into the oil and non-oil sectors,” the report added.
NBS stated that the nation in the Q4 2022 recorded an average daily oil production of 1.34 million barrels per day (mbpd), lower than the daily average production of 1.50mbpd recorded in the same quarter of 2021 by 0.16mbpd and higher than the third quarter of 2022 production volume of 1.20 mbpd by 0.14mbpd.
The real growth of the oil sector was –13.38per cent (year-on-year) in Q4 2022 indicating a decrease of 5.33per cent points relative to the rate recorded in the corresponding quarter of 2021. Growth increased b9.29per cent points when compared to Q3 2022 which was –22.67 per cent.
“On a Quarter-on-Quarter, the oil sector recorded a growth rate of -14.93 per cent in Q4 2022. However, the annual growth rate of oil stood at -19.22per cent compared to the -8.30 per cent recorded in 2021.
“The Oil sector contributed 4.34 per cent to the total real GDP in Q4 2022, down from the figures recorded in the corresponding period of 2021 and the preceding quarter where it contributed 5.19 per cent and 5.66 per cent respectively. The total annual contribution of oil to aggregate GDP in 2022 was 5.67 per cent,” NBS said.
The non-oil sector grew by 4.44per cent in real terms during the reference quarter (Q4 2022). This rate was lower by 0.29 per cent points compared to the rate recorded same quarter of 2021 and 0.18 per cent points higher than the third quarter of 2022.
This sector was driven in the fourth quarter of 2022 mainly by Information and Communication (Telecommunication); trade; agriculture (crop production); financial and insurance (financial institutions); manufacturing (food, beverage & tobacco); real estate and construction, accounting for positive GDP growth.
“In real terms, the non-oil sector contributed 95.66% to the nation’s GDP in the fourth quarter of 2022, higher than the share recorded in the fourth quarter of 2021 which was 94.81 per cent and higher than the third quarter of 2022 recorded as 94.34 per cent.
“Moreover, on aggregate 94.33 per cent was contributed in 2022, higher than the 92.76 per cent reported in 2021,” the report added.